Is there a grammar for duo/group Dance?

by Jon
(No location given)

Hi, thanks for creating a very informative website. I'm most interested in duo or group dance, is there an established set of terms used to describe the choreographic relationships between dancers? I did some research and found:

The Elements of Dance

It uses Body, Action, Space, Time, Energy. Those are good but seem a bit more fitted to solo dance. The chart does address relationships under Space and Time. I'm wondering if there is a Dance Theory that does a similar thing for all elements, such as Actions in relation to others' Actions (maybe something like Approach and Withdrawal?) Can you point me to a Dance Theory article or book that would address this?

Thanks! Jon

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Aug 10, 2012
Maria's reply
by: Maria

Hi Jon!

You're right. Almost all written content about dance composition addresses the solo dance.
That table you linked is interesting. I see it is based on Rudolph Laban's ideas. Laban did indeed make a classification of different choreographic organizations for groups as well. That information is located in his "Dictionary of Kinetography Laban", which he arranged in collaboration with Albert Knust.

Unfortunately, the edited version of the dictionary includes just one part of the content of the original dictionary, which if I understand well, is a piece of work of eight volumes or so. The original document is saved somewhere in England and the public version can be found with the following data:

Knust, Albrecht. A DICTIONARY OF KINETOGRAPHY LABAN (Labanotation) Vol. 1 and 2. Macdonald and Evans Ltd, Estover, 1979.

That one is the first edition and I know there's another version by the editorial house Rhytmos, published in Poznán in 1997.

You will find information about group configurations and different ways of relating between two dancers. However, it is presented in the form of examples and not in the form of a general theory or method for composing group dances. Still, one can use it with that purpose giving it one's own interpretation and application.

There's also a short text about the topic in our page about dance composition. Just scroll down the page till you find the subtitle "Some of the components of choreography for groups". This is the link to find the page:

Dance Composition

You may also find related ideas in other dance composition books. Have you tried your search with that keyword ('dance composition')? I have no knowledge of one 'best book' about that specific topic but I know there are many new writings on dance composition nowadays.

I hope this helps. It would be great if you let us know through this same thread if you find something interesting.

Warm regards,

...Sorry for the delay in giving you an answer. I've been really busy these days... ;--)

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